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Difference Between Gingivitis and Periodontitis


Posted on 6/15/2024 by Implant and Periodontal Wellness Center of Arizona
Dentist speaking with patient regarding gingivitis and gum disease at Implant and Periodontal Wellness Center of Arizona in Phoenix, AZYour mouth is a complex ecosystem teeming with bacteria. While some bacteria are beneficial, others can wreak havoc on oral health, leading to gum disease. Gingivitis and periodontitis, two stages of gum disease, can cause discomfort and even tooth loss if left untreated.

Gingivitis: The Early Warning Sign


Gum disease starts with gingivitis, which is a reversible stage. It is caused by plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that accumulates on the teeth due to impropering and flossing. The gums can become red, swollen, and bleed easily, especially while brushing or flossing. However, mild gingivitis rarely causes pain.

Periodontitis: The Advanced Threat


If gingivitis goes untreated, it can progress to periodontitis, a more severe and irreversible stage of gum disease. In this stage, the inflammation spreads beyond the gums, affecting the underlying bone and tissues that support your teeth. This breakdown can lead to deeper gum pockets, receding gums, and tooth loss. Additionally, periodontitis can cause persistent bad breath and loose teeth that become increasingly sensitive to pressure.

Taking Action For a Healthy Smile


Gingivitis is often treated with professional cleaning to remove plaque and tartar, which are the culprits behind irritated and bleeding gums. Your dentist may also suggest a special toothpaste or mouthwash to fight bacteria buildup. In more severe cases, antibiotics might be prescribed to clear the infection.

Periodontitis treatment varies based on severity. In the early stages, a deep cleaning below the gum line, known as scaling and root planing, might be enough to remove built-up plaque and tartar. Antibiotics may also be used to target the infection and prevent further progression.

Healthy gums are important! If you have gum problems, they will not get better on their own. We can help! Our team works with you to improve your gum health and prevent the disease from getting worse. Call us today to find out about our treatment options and schedule an appointment with a gum specialist.
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4455 E. Camelback Road
Suite #E-100
Phoenix, AZ 85018
(480) 504-0506
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Implant and Periodontal Wellness Center of Arizona, 4455 E. Camelback Rd #E-100, Phoenix, AZ 85018 / (480) 504-0506 / azimplantsolutions.com / 7/15/2024 / Page Phrases: Periodontist Phoenix AZ /